CSS Corp Open Source Services

[OpenStack Beginner’s Guide for Ubuntu 11.04] OpenStack Commands

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Nova Manage commands

OpenStack provides commands for administrative tasks such as user/role management,  network management etc. In all the examples we will use username as “novadmin” and project name as “proj”. All the nova-manage commands will need to be run as “root”. Either run them as root or run them under sudo.

User/Role Management

Add a new user

nova-manage user create  novaadmin

Add a user with admin privileges

nova-manage user admin  novaadmin

List existing users

nova-manage user list

Delete an existing user

nova-manage user delete  novaadmin

Associate a user to a specific existing project

nova-manage project add proj  novaadmin

Remove a  user from a specific existing project.

nova-manage project remove proj  novaadmin

View access key and secret keys of particular user.

nova-manage user exports  novaadmin

Add a role to a particular user. Please refer to the chapter on “Role  Based Access Controls” for more details on role management

nova-manage role add  novaadmin netadmin

Remove a role from a particular user

nova-manage role remove  novaadmin netadmin

With the command below, you can change any or all of access key, secret key and admin role flag for a particular user.


nova-manage user modify   <username> <new access key> <new secret key> <admin flag - T or F>

nova-manage user modify   novaadmin mygreatnewaccesskey  ""  ""

nova-manage user modify   novaadmin "" mygreatsecretkey    ""

nova-manage user modify   novaadmin "" ""  T

Check if a particular user has a specific role or not. The role can be either local or global. The output of the command will be True or False

nova-manage role has  novaadmin cloudadmin

nova-manage role has  novaadmin netadmin proj


Project Management

The following commands help you create and manage projects.  “nova-manage account” command is an alias to “nova-manage project” and you can use them interchangeably.

Create a project. It requires you to mention name of the project admin as well. css1 is the name of the project and user5 is the name of the project admin here.

nova-manage project create css1 user5

List the registered projects.

nova-manage project list

Download the credentials and associated file for a specific project. Please refer to the chapter on “Installation & Configuration” for more details.

nova-manage project zipfile csscorp user5 /home/user5/mysec.zip

delete an existing project

nova-manage project delete css1

Check the project wise resource allocation. The output will look like this:

nova-manage project quota css1

metadata_items: 128
 gigabytes: 1000
 floating_ips: 10
 instances: 10
 volumes: 10
 cores: 20

Database Management

Nova stores the data related to the projects, users, resources etc. in a database, by default in a MySQL database.

Print the current database version.

nova-manage db version

Sync the DB schema to be in sync with the current configuration.

nova-manage db sync

Instance Type Management

Nova has the concept of instance types. Each instance type is defined with certain amount of RAM and certain size of the hard disk. When an instance is launched with a particular instance type, Nova resizes the disk image to suit the instance type and allocates the RAM as defined for the instance type chosen. Nova calls instance types as ‘flavors’ and lets you add to the list of flavors. By default Nova has 5 types – m1.tiny, m1.small, m1.medium, m1.large and m1.xlarge.

List the current instance types

nova-manage flavor list
 m1.medium: Memory: 4096MB, VCPUS: 2, Storage: 40GB, FlavorID: 3, Swap: 0GB, RXTX Quota: 0GB, RXTX Cap: 0MB
 m1.large: Memory: 8192MB, VCPUS: 4, Storage: 80GB, FlavorID: 4, Swap: 0GB, RXTX Quota: 0GB, RXTX Cap: 0MB
 m1.tiny: Memory: 512MB, VCPUS: 1, Storage: 0GB, FlavorID: 1, Swap: 0GB, RXTX Quota: 0GB, RXTX Cap: 0MB
 m1.xlarge: Memory: 16384MB, VCPUS: 8, Storage: 160GB, FlavorID: 5, Swap: 0GB, RXTX Quota: 0GB, RXTX Cap: 0MB
 m1.small: Memory: 2048MB, VCPUS: 1, Storage: 20GB, FlavorID: 2, Swap: 0GB, RXTX Quota: 0GB, RXTX Cap: 0MB

Define a new instance type

nova-manage flavor create m1.verytiny 256 2 20 6 0 0 0

Remove an existing instance type.

 nova-manage flavor delete m1.verytiny
 m1.verytiny deleted

Service Management

Check state of available services.

nova-manage service list
 server1 nova-scheduler enabled  :- ) 2011-04-06 17:01:21
server1 nova-network enabled  :- ) 2011-04-06 17:01:30
 server1  nova-compute enabled  :- ) 2011-04-06 17:01:22
 server2 nova-compute enabled  :- ) 2011-04-06 17:01:28

Disable a running service

nova-manage service disable <hostname> <service>
 nova-manage service disable server2 nova-compute

nova-manage service list
 server1 nova-network enabled  :- ) 2011-04-06 17:05:11
 server1 nova-compute enabled  :- ) 2011-04-06 17:05:13
 server1 nova-scheduler enabled :- ) 2011-04-06 17:05:17
server2 nova-compute disabled  :- ) 2011-04-06 17:05:19

Re-enable a service that is currently disabled

Syntax: nova-manage service enable <hostname> <service>
 nova-manage service enable server2 nova-compute

nova-manage service list
 server1 nova-scheduler enabled  :- ) 2011-04-06 17:08:23
 server1 nova-network enabled  :- ) 2011-04-06 17:08:22
 server1 nova-compute enabled  :- ) 2011-04-06 17:08:23
 server2 nova-compute enabled  :- ) 2011-04-06 17:08:19

Get Information about resource utlization of the OpenStack components

Syntax: nova-manage service describe_resource <hostname>

 nova-manage service describe_resource server1

HOST                    PROJECT         cpu     mem(mb) disk(gb)
 server1(total)                                    2       3961           224
 server1(used)                                   1        654                30
 server1                    proj                   2       1024                0

Euca2ools Commands

euca2ools provide a set of commands to communicate with the cloud. All these commands require you to authenticate and this is done by sourcing novarc file as detailed in the chapter on “Installation & Configuration”

Most of the euca2ools command line utilities work with OpenStack, just as they work with EC2 of AWS.  There may be some differences due to some of the functionality that is yet to be implemented in OpenStack. Help is available for each of these commands  with the switch –help.

  • euca-add-group
  • euca-delete-bundle
  • euca-describe-instances
  • euca-register
  • euca-add-keypair
  • euca-delete-group
  • euca-describe-keypairs
  • euca-release-address
  • euca-allocate-address
  • euca-delete-keypair
  • euca-describe-regions
  • euca-reset-image-attribute
  • euca-associate-address
  • euca-delete-snapshot
  • euca-describe-snapshots
  • euca-revoke
  • euca-attach-volume
  • euca-delete-volume
  • euca-describe-volumes
  • euca-run-instances
  • euca-authorize
  • euca-deregister
  • euca-detach-volume
  • euca-terminate-instances
  • euca-bundle-image
  • euca-describe-addresses
  • euca-disassociate-address
  • euca-unbundle
  • euca-bundle-vol
  • euca-describe-availabity-zones
  • euca-download-bundle
  • euca-upload-bundle
  • euca-confirm-product-instance
  • euca-describe-groups
  • euca-get-console-output
  • euca-version
  • euca-create-snapshot
  • euca-describe-image-attribute
  • euca-modify-image-attribute
  • euca-create-volume
  • euca-describe-images
  • euca-reboot-instances

4 Responses

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  1. I, when will be avaliable the PDF version?


    May 31, 2011 at 3:49 am

  2. can you help me?

    I want to know the difference between swift and glance , is that they have the same functionality?


    June 24, 2011 at 10:30 pm

  3. Thank you!! I was able to deploy an UEC from your earlier docs. Hopefully I can do the same with Ubuntu/CloudStack using your docs. Why can’t I find comprehensive docs like yours on the Ubuntu or CloudStack web sites?

    Steve Arroyo

    Steve Arroyo

    October 28, 2011 at 1:01 am

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