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[OpenStack Beginner’s Guide for Ubuntu 11.04]Introduction to OpenStack and its components

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Cloud Computing

Cloud computing is a computing model, where resources such as computing power, storage, network and software are abstracted and provided as services on the Internet in a remotely accessible fashion. Billing models for these services are generally similar to the ones adopted for public utilities. On-demand availability, ease of provisioning, dynamic and virtually infinite scalability are some of the key attributes of cloud computing.

An infrastructure setup using the cloud computing model is generally referred to as the “cloud”. The following are the broad categories of services available on the cloud:

  • Infrastructure As A Service (IAAS)
  • Platform As A Service (PAAS)
  • Software As A Service (SAAS)

Amazon Web Services (AWS) is one of the major players providing IAAS. They have two popular services – Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) and Simple Storage Service (S3). These services are available through web services.

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[OpenStack Beginner’s Guide for Ubuntu 11.04] – Instance Management

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Instance management

An instance is a virtual machine provisioned by OpenStack on one of the nova-compute servers. When you launch an instance, a series of steps are triggered on various components of the OpenStack. During the life cycles of an instance, it moves through various stages as shown in the diagram below:

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[OpenStack Beginner’s Guide for Ubuntu 11.04] – Image Management

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Image management

There are several pre-built images for OpenStack available from  various sources. You can download such images and use them to get familiar with OpenStack. You can refer to  http://docs.openstack.org/cactus/openstack-compute/admin/content/starting-images.html for details on using such images.

For any production deployment,  you may like to have the ability to bundle custom images, with a custom set of applications or configuration. This chapter will guide you through the process of creating Linux images of Debian and Redhat based distributions from scratch. We have also covered an approach to bundling Windows images. Read the rest of this entry »

[OpenStack Beginner’s Guide for Ubuntu 11.04] – Installation and Configuration

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Installation and configuration

The following section describes how to set up a minimal cloud infrastructure based on OpenStack using 3 machines. These machines are referred to in this and subsequent chapters as Server1 and Server2 and Client1. Server1 runs all the 7 components of Nova as well as Glance and OpenStack dashboard. Server2 runs only nova-compute. Since OpenStack components follow a shared-nothing policy, each component or any group of components can be installed any server.
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